What Are The Different Types Of Asthma? AireHealth Explains

Do you know what type of asthma you have? Does it matter — asthma is asthma, right? Actually, it's essential to understand which type of asthma you have, because if you know your triggers, you can find the most effective treatment for you. Keeping a diary of your asthma symptoms can help you determine what exacerbates your symptoms. Make sure to discuss your findings with your doctor, so that you can work together on creating a personalized treatment plan.

Here's are some of the most common types of asthma.

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Allergic Asthma

Allergens such as dust, pollen, pet dander, and cleaning products can exacerbate asthma symptoms and trigger asthma attacks in certain people.

If you notice that your asthma symptoms worsen around certain allergens, speak to your allergist who can help you determine your trigger factors by running sensitivity tests. Avoiding allergens is one of the best ways to improve your asthma symptoms, but if this isn't possible, you should always have a plan for your treatment, and an updated Asthma Action Plan.

Nonallergic Asthma

Asthma symptoms that flare up with extreme weather, such as in the heat of summer, or symptoms that are triggered by stressful episodes, could mean that you have nonallergic asthma.

Nonallergic asthma has the same symptoms of other asthma types, such as difficulty breathing and tightness in the chest; however, it is triggered by factors other than allergens. This can include respiratory infections, certain drugs, weather conditions, and stress.

Adult-onset asthma develops in adulthood and can be caused by a number of triggers.

Adult-onset asthma develops in adulthood and can be caused by a number of triggers.

Adult-Onset Asthma

Adult-Onset Asthma is a type of asthma that develops in adulthood. Although it's difficult to determine an exact cause, some adults who have adult-onset asthma may have always had asthma, but successfully avoided their triggers. For example, if their asthma is caused by pet dander, but they never had a pet during childhood, they may not realize they have asthma until they come into close contact with an animal. Treatment for adult-onset asthma involves trying to pinpoint your triggers and treatment with maintenance and reliever medications. Speak to your doctor if you've noticed a change in your breathing or think you may have adult-onset asthma.

Exercise-Induced Asthma

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, or EIB, is the updated name for what was once named exercise-induced asthma. Brought on by physical activity, EIB causes the airways to become narrower during exercise. Interesting, not everyone who experiences EIB has asthma; however, up to 90% of people with asthma experience EIB.

Having EIB doesn't mean that you cant exercise, in fact, exercising is one of the best ways to stay healthy, but it does mean that you should have a treatment plan. Whether you take your asthma treatment directly before exercising or always ensure you have an emergency reliever medication, there are lots of ways that you can enjoy exercise — even with EIB. If you experience difficulty breathing during physical activity, speak to your doctor about creating a treatment plan.

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Kirstie HinesComment